Ndege

ndege 

Nyenyezi

M'zaka za m'ma 1900, zitsulo za aluminiyamu zinakhala chitsulo chofunikira kwambiri mundege. Ndege ya ndege yakhala ikufunidwa kwambiri pantchito za aluminiyamu. Masiku ano, monga mafakitale ambiri, mawonekedwe a mlengalenga amagwiritsa ntchito kwambiri zinthu zopanga ma aluminium.

Chifukwa chiyani sankhani Aluminium Alloy mu Aerospace Industry:

Kulemera Kwambiri - Kugwiritsa ntchito ma aluminium alloys kumachepetsa kulemera kwa ndege kwambiri. Ndi kulemera pafupifupi kwachitatu kupepuka kuposa chitsulo, imalola ndege kuyendetsa kapena kulemera kwambiri.

Mphamvu Zapamwamba Aluminium imalola kuti ithetse zitsulo zolemera popanda kutaya mphamvu yolumikizidwa ndi zitsulo zina, ndikupindula ndi kulemera kwake kopepuka. Kuphatikiza apo, zida zonyamula katundu zimatha kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu za aluminium kuti zipange kupanga ndege kukhala yodalirika komanso yotsika mtengo.

Kukaniza kwa Corrosion - Kwa ndege ndi omwe amayenda, kutu kumatha kukhala koopsa kwambiri. Aluminium imagwirizana kwambiri ndi kuwonongeka kwa mafoni ndi mankhwala, ndikupangitsa kuti ikhale yofunikira kwambiri pakuwongolera ma eyala omwe amakhala m'malo ozungulira a panyanja.

Pali mitundu ingapo yamitundu yambiri ya aluminiyamu, koma ena ndioyenereradi mumsika wamagetsi kuposa ena. Zitsanzo za zotayidwa zotere ndi monga:

2024- Zinthu zoyambirira kupanga mu aluminiyamu 2024 ndi mkuwa. 2024 zitsulo zotayidwa zingagwiritsidwe ntchito ngati mphamvu zambiri pazakulemera zikufunika. Monga alloy 6061, 2024 imagwiritsidwa ntchito kumapanga ndi mapangidwe a fuselage chifukwa cha mavuto omwe amalandira pakugwira ntchito.

5052kutentha, 5052 aluminiyamu imapereka chidziwitso choyenera ndipo imatha kukokedwa kapena kupangidwa kukhala mawonekedwe osiyanasiyana. Kuphatikiza apo, imapereka kukana bwino kwazitsulo zamadzi amchere m'malo a m'madzi.

6061- Aloyi ili ndi zida zabwino zamagetsi ndipo samawotcherera mosavuta. Ndi njira imodzi yodziwika yogwiritsidwa ntchito kawirikawiri ndipo, pazogwiritsa ntchito magetsi, imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati mapiko ndi fuselage. Chimakhala chofala kwambiri pamagetsi omangira nyumba.

6063- Nthawi zambiri amatchedwa "aluminiyamu wa zomangamanga," 6063 aluminiyamu amadziwika popereka zitsanzo zabwino zomaliza, ndipo nthawi zambiri amakhala njira yabwino kwambiri yogwiritsira ntchito ntchito.

7050- Kusankha kwapamwamba kwa mawonekedwe a aerospace, alloy 7050 kumawonetsa kukana kwakukulu ndi kulimba kuposa 7075. Chifukwa amasunga mphamvu zake m'magawo ambiri, 7050 aluminium imatha kukhalabe yolimbana ndi fractures ndi kutu.

7068- 7068 aluminium aloyi ndiye mtundu wamphamvu kwambiri wa aloyi womwe ukupezeka pamsika wamalonda. Zopepuka komanso zopepuka kwambiri, 7068 ndi imodzi mwamitundu yabwino kwambiri yomwe ilipo.

7075- Zinc ndiye gawo lalikulu lolumikizirana mu 7075 aluminiyamu. Mphamvu yake ndi yofanana ndi mitundu yambiri yazitsulo, ndipo ili ndi zida zabwino komanso kutopa kwamphamvu. Idagwiritsidwa ntchito poyambira ndege za Mitsubishi A6M Zero pa nkhondo yachiwiri yapadziko lonse, ndipo ikugwiritsidwabe ntchito masiku ano.


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